Hemogram (CBC & ESR) Test

Hemogram (CBC & ESR) Test

Haematology

Test Schedule:

Daily

Report Collection:

Same Day

Test Overview

Test Components

*Hemoglobin *PCV *TLC *RBC Count *MCV*MCH *MCHC *Platelet Count *Automated DLC*Absolute Differential counts *RDW *ESR

Hemogram Test (CBC and ESR)

A Hemogram Test combines both Complete Blood Count (CBC) and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR).

When is a Hemogram Test prescribed?

A doctor may advise it as a routine check-up and to evaluate the overall health. CBC detects health conditions such as leukemia, anemia, and infection, while ESR mainly helps in identifying the occurrence of inflammation in the body.

Hemogram Test can also help diagnose

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Temporal arteritis
  • Systemic vasculitis
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica

Components of Hemogram Test

Abnormal ESR values indicate a blood disorder, such as Polycythemia vera, Sickle cell anemia, Leukocytosis.

An abnormal increase in white blood cells and a moderate ESR indicates pregnancy, mensuration, or anemia.

Abnormal RBC values may indicate Anemia, Hemorrhage, bone marrow disorders, chronic Kidney disease, chronic inflammatory diseases, pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, dehydration, Lung disorders, Polycythemia, Vera, Kidney tumors.

The WBC count helps identify conditions like bacterial, parasitic, viral, allergic infections, or cancer.

Platelets are essential for normal blood clotting. Abnormalities in platelet count may indicate various illnesses such as anemia, cancer, inflammation, or infection.

Hemoglobin is a protein pigment present in the blood which carries oxygen. A low Hb is indicative of anemia.

Procedure and prerequisites

A blood sample is collected by a trained laboratory professional or pathologist. No fasting is required.

Reference range1

Blood component Reference range
White blood cells 4500-11,000/mm3
Red blood cells Male: 4.3-5.9 million/mm3
Female: 3.5-5.5 million/mm3
Hemoglobin Male: 13.5-17.5 g/dL
Female: 12.0-16.0 g/dL
Hematocrit Male: 41%-53%
Female: 36%-46%
Mean corpuscular volume 80-100 µm3
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin 25.4-34.6 pg/cell
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration 31%-36% Hb/cell
Platelets 150,000-400,000/mm3

Erythrocyte sedimentation Rate

The standard reference range for Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) is:

Men 0-15 millimeters per hour (mm/hr), or 0-20 mm/hr for men older than 50
Women 0-20 mm/hr, or 0-30 mm/hr for women older than 50
Children 0-10 mm/hr
Newborns 0-2 mm/hr

The values are only for theoretical reference. The content of this post is to provide general information related to topics relevant to blood diagnostics and can vary depending on altitude.

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