Urine routine examination is done to check the physical appearance, chemical constituents like protein and sugar as well as microscopic appearance in urine, to detect a large variety of diseases relating to kidney disorders, diabetes and urinary tract infections.
Why is Urine Routine Examination needed?
A Urine routine test is done for several reasons.
1. As part of the routine check-up
Urine routine examination is done as a part of a routine check-up to screen for a variety of conditions like diabetes, kidney disorders and liver diseases. It’s also done as a screening test in pregnant women to rule out any infections and as a pre-surgery check-up.
2. As part of the diagnosis
Urine routine examinations are done as part of the diagnosis if the patient has symptoms of pain while passing urine, back pain, difficulty in passing urine, raised temperature, abdominal pain or blood seen in the urine. All these symptoms make urine routine tests compulsory to come to a correct diagnosis and start early treatment.
3. As part of the monitoring of known diseases.
Urine routine examinations are done at the frequent interval for patients to monitor a variety of conditions like urinary tract infections to check for pus cells and in diabetic patients to check for sugar in urine as well as in kidney diseases to check for protein.
What are the constituents of Urine Routine Examination?
1. Physical appearance
A routine urine test is done to check for colour, odour and pH of urine. It helps to differentiate between normal and abnormal conditions. If the urine has altered colour and odour, it indicates a diseased status. The altered pH indicates bacterial growth.
2. Chemical constituents
Routine urine tests check for sugar, protein, bilirubin, blood, nitrites and ketone bodies. It thus helps to identify the correct diagnosis.
3. Microscopic evaluation
A routine urine test is done to detect any cells in urine like pus cells, red blood cells, epithelial cells and other cells from the urinary tract.